10 Amazing Discoveries by Muslims You Never Knew
The incredible advancements in science and technology and the progress attained by the civilizations of the world in terms of art, culture, linguistics, politics and other diverse disciplines owe their initiation and hence their subsequent existence to the relentless services rendered by the Muslim Scientists. But there have been numerous such inventions, innovations and discoveries which can be attributed to Muslims and despite the massive proliferation of knowledge in the modern era, we are not aware of who their inventor was. In this article, we have rounded up 10 fabulous discoveries and inventions by Muslims that you never had any idea about.
1 – Coffee
Regarded as the most widely and liked drink all over the world, the coffee beans are said to be discovered by one Sheikh Omar who tried to chew some berries from nearby shrubbery. Failing to do so, he tried boiling them which resulted in a fragrant brown liquid. Sheikh Omar, on drinking the fluid, felt livened up. This discovery of the wonder drink made Omar famous in Mocha, Yemen and he was made a saint.
2 – Camera
The discovery of camera is attributed to the great Muslim physicist Ibn al-Haytham who created the first camera that used lens to project an image of a scene outside upside down onto a viewing surface after observing the behaviour of light through a window shutter.
3 – Crankshaft
It is a mechanical device that is used to convert rotary motion into translatory motion. It was invented by a Muslim engineer al-Jazari who used it to raise water for irrigation purposes and was later utilized in paddle-wheel boat whose paddles are turned by single-throw crankshafts. Al-Jazari also carried out valuable work on valves and pistons.
4 – Surgery
Another eminent Muslim scientist who made incredible discoveries and inventions in the field of surgery was al-Zahrawi. Many of the surgical instruments developed by him way back in the 10th century are still being used today. Some of his major inventions include scalpels, bone saws, forceps etc.
5 – Windmill
The first practical windmills were developed in eastern Persia to grind grain and draw up water. The mills consisted of six to twelve sails and were covered in cloth material. The first windmill was seen in Europe after 500 years.
6 – Fountain Pen
The first fountain pen in recorded history was invented in the 10th century for Caliph Ma’ad al Mui’zz who demanded a pen which could not stain his clothes or hands. The pen held ink in a reservoir and delivered ink to a nib which could be held upside down without leaking.
7 – Numbers
Al-Khawarzimi and Al-Kindi introduced the world to the numbering system. Al-Khawarzimi wrote a book titled Al Jabar Wa Al Muqabilah based on which a branch of Mathematics Algebra was named. Muslim mathematicians also did valuable work in trigonometry and algorithms.
8 – Three Course Meal
Ali ibn Nafi, an Iraqi Muslim came from Iraq to Cordoba in the 9th century and introduced the concept of the three-course meal: soup, followed by fish or meat, then fruit and nuts.
9 – Pay Cheques
The modern cheque comes from an Arabic written vow to pay for goods when they were delivered. In the 9th century, a Muslim businessman could cash a cheque in China drawn on his bank in Baghdad.
10 – Botanical Gardens
Muslim Spain is the first region in Europe where royal gardens adorned the landscape with multifarious varieties of flora and fauna. The tulip and carnation are the two species of flowers which originated in the gardens established by the Muslim botanists.